The administration of former University of the Philippines (U.P.) Philippine General Hospital (PGH) Executive Director Dr. Carmelo A. Alfiler which began in January 2004 and ended in December 2009 was able to turn over a budget surplus to its sucessor, despite numerous problems, Dr. Alfiler said in a statement uploaded in March 5, 2010 on the website of the University of the Philippines at: http://www.up.edu.ph/
But Dr. Alfiler's remarks, and the entire contents of U.P.'s website, which are all uploaded by the Office of the Vice President for Public Affairs, Dr. Cristina Pantoja-Hidalgo, who reports to U.P. President Emerlinda Roman, continue to remain silent on other important issues regarding PGH raised by the Commission on Audit (COA) in its 2008 Consolidated Audited Annual (CAAR) report of the entire U.P. System (http://www.coa.gov.ph/) , which includes PGH, and was transmitted to President Roman in a cover letter by COA Director Villaflor S. Fernandez and received on September 23, 2009 by President Roman's office.
“As a result of the problems, PGH was compelled to secure a Resructuring Agreement with Meralco on September 12, 2007 to cover the period October 2006 – December 2009. It must be emphasized that since January 2004, PGH never had any disconnection; on the contrary, Meralco prioritized resumption of power to PGH in cases of wide outages due to whatever cause,” Dr. Alfiler said.
“Our administration has endorsed sufficient funds for hospital operations in 2010 to the next administration. Together with the projected 2010 Internal Operating Budget (IOB) of some PhP2,000,000,000, the new PGH leadership is assured of a very sound financial status at the start of the 2010-2012 term,” he added.
(To see more details of Dr. Alfiler's official clarificationn, please click on: http://tinyurl.com/yzbma4y)
However, Dr. Alfiler's statement uploaded on U.P.'s website, and therefore, a component part of the U.P. Administration's official position on PGH, did not cover other critical issues pointed out by COA which arose during his term of office, and are documented by the 2008 CAAR. Neither does the U.P. website even refer to the commercial contract signed on June 18, 2009 between U.P. President Emerlinda R. Roman and Dr. Edwin Mercado, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Daniel Mercado Medical Center (DMMC) for the UP PGH Faculty Medical Arts Building Project witnessed by Director Alfiler and UP Regents Abraham Sarmiento, Nelia Gonzalez and UP Manila Chancellor Ramon Arcadio.
The deal between U.P. and DMMC agrees to allow DMMC to private portions of U.P. PGH after the Department of Justice opposed the deal, saying it was contrary to law in a legal opinion (See Diliman Diary, March 3, 2010). The Manila Chapter of the All-U.P. Worker's Union and other groups have submitted the official DOJ position to COA for analysis and investigation but no findings have yet been released by COA and the 2009 CAAR has not yet been released.
DISAPPROVED OR DISALLOWED PHILHEALTH CLAIMS REACH PhP 8.7 MILLION
The 2008 CAAR criticized the U.P. PGH for losses in revenues amounting to P 8.7 million for disapproved/disallowed Philhealth hospital claims from CY 2004 up to May 2008 due to insufficient compliance of Philhealth documentary and timeline requirements, as well as erroneous data provided by the patients.
Citing Rule VII of the Revised Implementing Rules and Regulations of the National Health Insurance (NHI) Act of 1995, COA said that Philhealth may deny or reduce any benefit when the claims are attended by any of the following circumstances: over- utilization and under-utilization of services; unnecessary diagnostic and therapeutic procedures and intervention; irrational medication and prescriptions; fraud; gross unjustified deviations from currently accepted standards of practice and/or treatment protocols; inappropriate referral practices; use of fake adulterated or misbranded pharmaceuticals, or unregistered drugs; or use of drugs other than those recognized in the latest Philippine National Drug Formulary (PNDF) and those for which exemptions were granted by the Board.
The 2008 COA Report said that a verification of the PGH’s Accounts Receivable from Philhealth showed a balance of P29,374,556.92 from CY 2004 up to May 2008 and that, 30 percent or P8,714,571.64 were disallowed/disapproved claims due to the inability of PGH's Billing Section to comply with pertinent Philhealth policies. This prevented the hospital from recovering the full cost of medical services rendered.
COA CRITIQUES PGH'S PHILHEALTH CLAIM PROCEDURES BUT PGH ANSWERS BACK
COA recommended that UP PGH revisit its existing procedures on Philhealth claims to minimize receivables in particular:
- Request for reconsideration for those cases wherein the hospital was aggrieved by Philhealth decision/disallowance;
- Send bill with demand letters regularly to patients with denied claims due to erroneous information provided for, or those who have exceeded the allowable claim limits;
- Coordinate with Philhealth for the establishment of an on-line system wherein the Hospital could verify member patients’ confinement records;
- Require the Billing section to strictly observe and comply with all the requirements of Philhealth in filing hospital claims including the deadline set for filing and appeals to ensure full recovery of the claimed reimbursements; and
- Require the Accounting Division to up-date the subsidiary ledgers for Philhealth claims.
- They will review the reported figure of P8,714,571.64.
- Management is only dependent on the information provided by patients and doctors. The doctors are constantly reminded of Philhealth guidelines. For the patients, the difficulty occurs when they rush their forms shortly before discharge.
- Concerning incomplete documentation, these are likely with respect to patients who file their claims directly to Philhealth and NOT through the hospital. PGH is unable to countercheck the supporting documents which will only be required if the Member’s Data Record (MDR) from Philhealth has not been retrieved. Claims are carefully reviewed if the required documents are complete before such are accepted by the accounting department. So the PGH staff gets surprised when claims are returned by Philippine Health Insurance Commission with a note for incomplete documents. Because the PGH staff claims otherwise, they have begun putting an inventory checklist per claim so that PHIC is aware of the submitted documents that may be lost while in their possession. If a refiling needs to be done, patients are informed of this requirement, but oftentimes the patient does not supply the necessary documents. Efforts by PGH's Philhealth assessors are documented.
- Many patients overlook, either intentionally or unintentionally, a previously filed claim. PGH's accounting office has no way of verifying recent claims that have been partially or fully consumed.
- PGH has previously proposed an on-line system to help hospitals check on the status of patients’ Philhealth, but PHIC has been so far unable to grant the request.
- As for medicines not listed in the PNDF, PGH staff is always being reminded agasint prescribing such drugs.
- The data of disapproved/disallowed claims are a mix of reimbursements of patients with fully paid bills and charity patient claims. Currently, the hospital is making all efforts to communicate with the concerned claimants. A request was previously transmitted to Philhealth regarding this matter, which response, as “they will see what they can do”. Henec, we shall send another formal request regarding the issue. This is doable for Philhealth claims beginning 2004.
- Patients who filed their claims directly to Philhealth are not included in the receivables of the Hospital from PHIC.